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DFINITY Research Report

DFINITY Research Report
Author: Gamals Ahmed, CoinEx Business Ambassador
ABSTRACT
The DFINITY blockchain computer provides a secure, performant and flexible consensus mechanism. At its core, DFINITY contains a decentralized randomness beacon, which acts as a verifiable random function (VRF) that produces a stream of outputs over time. The novel technique behind the beacon relies on the existence of a unique-deterministic, non-interactive, DKG-friendly threshold signatures scheme. The only known examples of such a scheme are pairing-based and derived from BLS.
The DFINITY blockchain is layered on top of the DFINITY beacon and uses the beacon as its source of randomness for leader selection and leader ranking. A “weight” is attributed to a chain based on the ranks of the leaders who propose the blocks in the chain, and that weight is used to select between competing chains. The DFINITY blockchain is layered on top of the DFINITY beacon and uses the beacon as its source of randomness for leader selection and leader ranking blockchain is further hardened by a notarization process which dramatically improves the time to finality and eliminates the nothing-at-stake and selfish mining attacks.
DFINITY consensus algorithm is made to scale through continuous quorum selections driven by the random beacon. In practice, DFINITY achieves block times of a few seconds and transaction finality after only two confirmations. The system gracefully handles temporary losses of network synchrony including network splits, while it is provably secure under synchrony.

1.INTRODUCTION

DFINITY is building a new kind of public decentralized cloud computing resource. The company’s platform uses blockchain technology which is aimed at building a new kind of public decentralized cloud computing resource with unlimited capacity, performance and algorithmic governance shared by the world, with the capability to power autonomous self-updating software systems, enabling organizations to design and deploy custom-tailored cloud computing projects, thereby reducing enterprise IT system costs by 90%.
DFINITY aims to explore new territory and prove that the blockchain opportunity is far broader and deeper than anyone has hitherto realized, unlocking the opportunity with powerful new crypto.
Although a standalone project, DFINITY is not maximalist minded and is a great supporter of Ethereum.
The DFINITY blockchain computer provides a secure, performant and flexible consensus mechanism. At its core, DFINITY contains a decentralized randomness beacon, which acts as a verifiable random function (VRF) that produces a stream of outputs over time. The novel technique behind the beacon relies on the existence of a unique-deterministic, non-interactive, DKG-friendly threshold signatures scheme. The only known examples of such a scheme are pairing-based and derived from BLS.
DFINITY’s consensus mechanism has four layers: notary (provides fast finality guarantees to clients and external observers), blockchain (builds a blockchain from validated transactions via the Probabilistic Slot Protocol driven by the random beacon), random beacon (provides the source of randomness for all higher layers like smart contract applications), and identity (provides a registry of all clients).
DFINITY’s consensus mechanism has four layers

Figure1: DFINITY’s consensus mechanism layers
1. Identity layer:
Active participants in the DFINITY Network are called clients. Where clients are registered with permanent identities under a pseudonym. Moreover, DFINITY supports open membership by providing a protocol for registering new clients by depositing a stake with an insurance period. This is the responsibility of the first layer.
2. Random Beacon layer:
Provides the source of randomness (VRF) for all higher layers including ap- plications (smart contracts). The random beacon in the second layer is an unbiasable, verifiable random function (VRF) that is produced jointly by registered clients. Each random output of the VRF is unpredictable by anyone until just before it becomes avail- able to everyone. This is a key technology of the DFINITY system, which relies on a threshold signature scheme with the properties of uniqueness and non-interactivity.

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3. Blockchain layer:
The third layer deploys the “probabilistic slot protocol” (PSP). This protocol ranks the clients for each height of the chain, in an order that is derived determin- istically from the unbiased output of the random beacon for that height. A weight is then assigned to block proposals based on the proposer’s rank such that blocks from clients at the top of the list receive a higher weight. Forks are resolved by giving favor to the “heaviest” chain in terms of accumulated block weight — quite sim- ilar to how traditional proof-of-work consensus is based on the highest accumulated amount of work.
The first advantage of the PSP protocol is that the ranking is available instantaneously, which allows for a predictable, constant block time. The second advantage is that there is always a single highest-ranked client, which allows for a homogenous network bandwidth utilization. Instead, a race between clients would favor a usage in bursts.
4. Notarization layer:
Provides fast finality guarantees to clients and external observers. DFINITY deploys the novel technique of block notarization in its fourth layer to speed up finality. A notarization is a threshold signature under a block created jointly by registered clients. Only notarized blocks can be included in a chain. Of all RSA-based alternatives exist but suffer from an impracticality of setting up the thresh- old keys without a trusted dealer.
DFINITY achieves its high speed and short block times exactly because notarization is not full consensus.
DFINITY does not suffer from selfish mining attack or a problem nothing at stake because the authentication step is impossible for the opponent to build and maintain a series of linked and trusted blocks in secret.
DFINITY’s consensus is designed to operate on a network of millions of clients. To en- able scalability to this extent, the random beacon and notarization protocols are designed such as that they can be safely and efficiently delegated to a committee

1.1 OVERVIEW ABOUT DFINITY

DFINITY is a blockchain-based cloud-computing project that aims to develop an open, public network, referred to as the “internet computer,” to host the next generation of software and data. and it is a decentralized and non-proprietary network to run the next generation of mega-applications. It dubbed this public network “Cloud 3.0”.
DFINITY is a third generation virtual blockchain network that sets out to function as an “intelligent decentralised cloud,”¹ strongly focused on delivering a viable corporate cloud solution. The DFINITY project is overseen, supported and promoted by DFINITY Stiftung a not-for-profit foundation based in Zug, Switzerland.
DFINITY is a decentralized network design whose protocols generate a reliable “virtual blockchain computer” running on top of a peer-to-peer network upon which software can be installed and can operate in the tamperproof mode of smart contracts.
DFINITY introduces algorithmic governance in the form of a “Blockchain Nervous System” that can protect users from attacks and help restart broken systems, dynamically optimize network security and efficiency, upgrade the protocol and mitigate misuse of the platform, for example by those wishing to run illegal or immoral systems.
DFINITY is an Ethereum-compatible smart contract platform that is implementing some revolutionary ideas to address blockchain performance, scaling, and governance. Whereas
DFINITY could pose a credible threat to Ethereum’s extinction, the project is pursuing a coevolutionary strategy by contributing funding and effort to Ethereum projects and freely offering their technology to Ethereum for adoption. DFINITY has labeled itself Ethereum’s “crazy sister” to express it’s close genetic resemblance to Ethereum, differentiated by its obsession with performance and neuron-inspired governance model.
Dfinity raised $61 million from Andreesen Horowitz and Polychain Capital in a February 2018 funding round. At the time, Dfinity said it wanted to create an “internet computer” to cut the costs of running cloud-based business applications. A further $102 million funding round in August 2018 brought the project’s total funding to $195 million.
In May 2018, Dfinity announced plans to distribute around $35 million worth of Dfinity tokens in an airdrop. It was part of the company’s plan to create a “Cloud 3.0.” Because of regulatory concerns, none of the tokens went to US residents.
DFINITY be broadening and strengthening the EVM ecosystem by giving applications a choice of platforms with different characteristics. However, if DFINITY succeeds in delivering a fully EVM-compatible smart contract platform with higher transaction throughput, faster confirmation times, and governance mechanisms that can resolve public disputes without causing community splits, then it will represent a clearly superior choice for deploying new applications and, as its network effects grow, an attractive place to bring existing ones. Of course the challenge for DFINITY will be to deliver on these promises while meeting the security demands of a public chain with significant value at risk.

1.1.1 DFINITY FUTURE

  • DFINITY aims to explore new blockchain territory related to the original goals of the Ethereum project and is sometimes considered “Ethereum’s crazy sister.”
  • DFINITY is developing blockchain-based infrastructure to support a new style of the internet (akin to Ethereum’s “World Computer”), one in which the internet itself will support software applications and data rather than various cloud hosting providers.
  • The project suggests this reinvented software platform can simplify the development of new software systems, reduce the human capital needed to maintain and secure data, and preserve user data privacy.
  • Dfinity aims to reduce the costs of cloud services by creating a decentralized “internet computer” which may launch in 2020
  • Dfinity claims transactions on its network are finalized in 3–5 seconds, compared to 1 hour for Bitcoin and 10 minutes for Ethereum.

1.1.2 DFINITY’S VISION

DFINITY’s vision is its new internet infrastructure can support a wide variety of end-user and enterprise applications. Social media, messaging, search, storage, and peer-to-peer Internet interactions are all examples of functionalities that DFINITY plans to host atop its public Web 3.0 cloud-like computing resource. In order to provide the transaction and data capacity necessary to support this ambitious vision, DFINITY features a unique consensus model (dubbed Threshold Relay) and algorithmic governance via its Blockchain Nervous System (BNS) — sometimes also referred to as the Network Nervous System or NNS.

1.2 DFINITY COMMUNITY

The DFINITY community brings people and organizations together to learn and collaborate on products that help steward the next-generation of internet software and services. The Internet Computer allows developers to take on the monopolization of the internet, and return the internet back to its free and open roots. We’re committed to connecting those who believe the same through our events, content, and discussions.

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1.3 DFINITY ROADMAP (TIMELINE) February 15, 2017

February 15, 2017
Ethereum based community seed round raises 4M Swiss francs (CHF)
The DFINITY Stiftung, a not-for-profit foundation entity based in Zug, Switzerland, raised the round. The foundation held $10M of assets as of April 2017.
February 8, 2018
Dfinity announces a $61M fundraising round led by Polychain Capital and Andreessen Horowitz
The round $61M round led by Polychain Capital and Andreessen Horowitz, along with an DFINITY Ecosystem Venture Fund which will be used to support projects developing on the DFINITY platform, and an Ethereum based raise in 2017 brings the total funding for the project over $100 million. This is the first cryptocurrency token that Andressen Horowitz has invested in, led by Chris Dixon.
August 2018
Dfinity raises a $102,000,000 venture round from Multicoin Capital, Village Global, Aspect Ventures, Andreessen Horowitz, Polychain Capital, Scalar Capital, Amino Capital and SV Angel.
January 23, 2020
Dfinity launches an open source platform aimed at the social networking giants

2.DFINITY TECHNOLOGY

Dfinity is building what it calls the internet computer, a decentralized technology spread across a network of independent data centers that allows software to run anywhere on the internet rather than in server farms that are increasingly controlled by large firms, such as Amazon Web Services or Google Cloud. This week Dfinity is releasing its software to third-party developers, who it hopes will start making the internet computer’s killer apps. It is planning a public release later this year.
At its core, the DFINITY consensus mechanism is a variation of the Proof of Stake (PoS) model, but offers an alternative to traditional Proof of Work (PoW) and delegated PoS (dPoS) networks. Threshold Relay intends to strike a balance between inefficiencies of decentralized PoW blockchains (generally characterized by slow block times) and the less robust game theory involved in vote delegation (as seen in dPoS blockchains). In DFINITY, a committee of “miners” is randomly selected to add a new block to the chain. An individual miner’s probability of being elected to the committee proposing and computing the next block (or blocks) is proportional to the number of dfinities the miner has staked on the network. Further, a “weight” is attributed to a DFINITY chain based on the ranks of the miners who propose blocks in the chain, and that weight is used to choose between competing chains (i.e. resolve chain forks).
A decentralized random beacon manages the random selection process of temporary block producers. This beacon is a Variable Random Function (VRF), which is a pseudo-random function that provides publicly verifiable proofs of its outputs’ correctness. A core component of the random beacon is the use of Boneh-Lynn-Shacham (BLS) signatures. By leveraging the BLS signature scheme, the DFINITY protocol ensures no actor in the network can determine the outcome of the next random assignment.
Dfinity is introducing a new standard, which it calls the internet computer protocol (ICP). These new rules let developers move software around the internet as well as data. All software needs computers to run on, but with ICP the computers could be anywhere. Instead of running on a dedicated server in Google Cloud, for example, the software would have no fixed physical address, moving between servers owned by independent data centers around the world. “Conceptually, it’s kind of running everywhere,” says Dfinity engineering manager Stanley Jones.
DFINITY also features a native programming language, called ActorScript (name may be subject to change), and a virtual machine for smart contract creation and execution. The new smart contract language is intended to simplify the management of application state for programmers via an orthogonal persistence environment (which means active programs are
not required to retrieve or save their state). All ActorScript contracts are eventually compiled down to WebAssembly instructions so the DFINITY virtual machine layer can execute the logic of applications running on the network. The advantage of using the WebAssembly standard is that all major browsers support it and a variety of programming languages can compile down to Wasm (not just ActorScript).
Dfinity is moving fast. Recently, Dfinity showed off a TikTok clone called CanCan. In January it demoed a LinkedIn-alike called LinkedUp. Neither app is being made public, but they make a convincing case that apps made for the internet computer can rival the real things.

2.1 DFINITY CORE APPLICATIONS

The DFINITY cloud has two core applications:
  1. Enabling the re-engineering of business: DFINITY ambitiously aims to facilitate the re-engineering of mass-market services (such as Web Search, Ridesharing Services, Messaging Services, Social Media, Supply Chain, etc) into open source businesses that leverage autonomous software and decentralised governance systems to operate and update themselves more efficiently.
  2. Enable the re-engineering of enterprise IT systems to reduce costs: DFINITY seeks to re-engineer enterprise IT systems to take advantage of the unique properties that blockchain computer networks provide.
At present, computation on blockchain-based computer networks is far more expensive than traditional, centralised solutions (Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Platform, etc). Despite increasing computational cost, DFINITY intends to lower net costs “by 90% or more” through reducing the human capital cost associated with sustaining and supporting these services.
Whilst conceptually similar to Ethereum, DFINITY employs original and new cryptography methods and protocols (crypto:3) at the network level, in concert with AI and network-fuelled systemic governance (Blockchain Nervous System — BNS) to facilitate Corporate adoption.
DFINITY recognises that different users value different properties and sees itself as more of a fully compatible extension of the Ethereum ecosystem rather than a competitor of the Ethereum network.
In the future, DFINITY hopes that much of their “new crypto might be used within the Ethereum network and are also working hard on shared technology components.”
As the DFINITY project develops over time, the DFINITY Stiftung foundation intends to steadily increase the BNS’ decision-making responsibilities over time, eventually resulting in the dissolution of its own involvement entirely, once the BNS is sufficiently sophisticated.
DFINITY consensus mechanism is a heavily optimized proof of stake (PoS) model. It places a strong emphasis on transaction finality through implementing a Threshold Relay technique in conjunction with the BLS signature scheme and a notarization method to address many of the problems associated with PoS consensus.

2.2 THRESHOLD RELAY

As a public cloud computing resource, DFINITY targets business applications by substantially reducing cloud computing costs for IT systems. They aim to achieve this with a highly scalable and powerful network with potentially unlimited capacity. The DFINITY platform is chalk full of innovative designs and features like their Blockchain Nervous System (BNS) for algorithmic governance.
One of the primary components of the platform is its novel Threshold Relay Consensus model from which randomness is produced, driving the other systems that the network depends on to operate effectively. The consensus system was first designed for a permissioned participation model but can be paired with any method of Sybil resistance for an open participation model.
“The Threshold Relay is the mechanism by which Dfinity randomly samples replicas into groups, sets the groups (committees) up for threshold operation, chooses the current committee, and relays from one committee to the next is called the threshold relay.”
Threshold Relay consists of four layers (As mentioned previously):
  1. Notary layer, which provides fast finality guarantees to clients and external observers and eliminates nothing-at-stake and selfish mining attacks, providing Sybil attack resistance.
  2. Blockchain layer that builds a blockchain from validated transactions via the Probabilistic Slot Protocol driven by the random beacon.
  3. Random beacon, which as previously covered, provides the source of randomness for all higher layers like the blockchain layer smart contract applications.
  4. Identity layer that provides a registry of all clients.

2.2.1 HOW DOES THRESHOLD RELAY WORK?

Threshold Relay produces an endogenous random beacon, and each new value defines random group(s) of clients that may independently try and form into a “threshold group”. The composition of each group is entirely random such that they can intersect and clients can be presented in multiple groups. In DFINITY, each group is comprised of 400 members. When a group is defined, the members attempt to set up a BLS threshold signature system using a distributed key generation protocol. If they are successful within some fixed number of blocks, they then register the public key (“identity”) created for their group on the global blockchain using a special transaction, such that it will become part of the set of active groups in a following “epoch”. The network begins at “genesis” with some number of predefined groups, one of which is nominated to create a signature on some default value. Such signatures are random values — if they were not then the group’s signatures on messages would be predictable and the threshold signature system insecure — and each random value produced thus is used to select a random successor group. This next group then signs the previous random value to produce a new random value and select another group, relaying between groups ad infinitum and producing a sequence of random values.
In a cryptographic threshold signature system a group can produce a signature on a message upon the cooperation of some minimum threshold of its members, which is set to 51% in the DFINITY network. To produce the threshold signature, group members sign the message
individually (here the preceding group’s threshold signature) creating individual “signature shares” that are then broadcast to other group members. The group threshold signature can be constructed upon combination of a sufficient threshold of signature shares. So for example, if the group size is 400, if the threshold is set at 201 any client that collects that many shares will be able to construct the group’s signature on the message. Other group members can validate each signature share, and any client using the group’s public key can validate the single group threshold signature produced by combining them. The magic of the BLS scheme is that it is “unique and deterministic” meaning that from whatever subset of group members the required number of signature shares are collected, the single threshold signature created is always the same and only a single correct value is possible.
Consequently, the sequence of random values produced is entirely deterministic and unmanipulable, and signatures generated by relaying between groups produces a Verifiable Random Function, or VRF. Although the sequence of random values is pre-determined given some set of participating groups, each new random value can only be produced upon the minimal agreement of a threshold of the current group. Conversely, in order for relaying to stall because a random number was not produced, the number of correct processes must be below the threshold. Thresholds are configured so that this is extremely unlikely. For example, if the group size is set to 400, and the threshold is 201, 200 or more of the processes must become faulty to prevent production. If there are 10,000 processes in the network, of which 3,000 are faulty, the probability this will occur is less than 10e-17.

2.3 DFINITY TOKEN

The DFINITY blockchain also supports a native token, called dfinities (DFN), which perform multiple roles within the network, including:
  1. Fuel for deploying and running smart contracts.
  2. Security deposits (i.e. staking) that enable participation in the BNS governance system.
  3. Security deposits that allow client software or private DFINITY cloud networks to connect to the public network.
Although dfinities will end up being assigned a value by the market, the DFINITY team does not intend for DFN to act as a currency. Instead, the project has envisioned PHI, a “next-generation” crypto-fiat scheme, to act as a stable medium of exchange within the DFINITY ecosystem.
Neuron operators can earn Dfinities by participating in network-wide votes, which could be concerning protocol upgrades, a new economic policy, etc. DFN rewards for participating in the governance system are proportional to the number of tokens staked inside a neuron.

2.4 SCALABILITY

DFINITY is constantly developing with a structure that separates consensus, validation, and storage into separate layers. The storage layer is divided into multiple strings, each of which is responsible for processing transactions that occur in the fragment state. The verification layer is responsible for combining hashes of all fragments in a Merkle-like structure that results in a global state fractionation that is stored in blocks in the top-level chain.

2.5 DFINITY CONSENSUS ALGORITHM

The single most important aspect of the user experience is certainly the time required before a transaction becomes final. This is not solved by a short block time alone — Dfinity’s team also had to reduce the number of confirmations required to a small constant. DFINITY moreover had to provide a provably secure proof-of-stake algorithm that scales to millions of active participants without compromising any bit on decentralization.
Dfinity soon realized that the key to scalability lay in having an unmanipulable source of randomness available. Hence they built a scalable decentralized random beacon, based on what they call the Threshold Relay technique, right into the foundation of the protocol. This strong foundation drives a scalable and fast consensus layer: On top of the beacon runs a blockchain which utilizes notarization by threshold groups to achieve near-instant finality. Details can be found in the overview paper that we are releasing today.
The roots of the DFINITY consensus mechanism date back to 2014 when thair Chief Scientist, Dominic Williams, started to look for more efficient ways to drive large consensus networks. Since then, much research has gone into the protocol and it took several iterations to reach its current design.
For any practical consensus system the difficulty lies in navigating the tight terrain that one is given between the boundaries imposed by theoretical impossibility-results and practical performance limitations.
The first key milestone was the novel Threshold Relay technique for decentralized, deterministic randomness, which is made possible by certain unique characteristics of the BLS signature system. The next breakthrough was the notarization technique, which allows DFINITY consensus to solve the traditional problems that come with proof-of-stake systems. Getting the security proofs sound was the final step before publication.
DFINITY consensus has made the proper trade-offs between the practical side (realistic threat models and security assumptions) and the theoretical side (provable security). Out came a flexible, tunable algorithm, which we expect will establish itself as the best performing proof-of-stake algorithm. In particular, having the built-in random beacon will prove to be indispensable when building out sharding and scalable validation techniques.

2.6 LINKEDUP

The startup has rather cheekily called this “an open version of LinkedIn,” the Microsoft-owned social network for professionals. Unlike LinkedIn, LinkedUp, which runs on any browser, is not owned or controlled by a corporate entity.
LinkedUp is built on Dfinity’s so-called Internet Computer, its name for the platform it is building to distribute the next generation of software and open internet services.
The software is hosted directly on the internet on a Switzerland-based independent data center, but in the concept of the Internet Computer, it could be hosted at your house or mine. The compute power to run the application LinkedUp, in this case — is coming not from Amazon AWS, Google Cloud or Microsoft Azure, but is instead based on the distributed architecture that Dfinity is building.
Specifically, Dfinity notes that when enterprises and developers run their web apps and enterprise systems on the Internet Computer, the content is decentralized across a minimum of four or a maximum of an unlimited number of nodes in Dfinity’s global network of independent data centers.
Dfinity is an open source for LinkedUp to developers for creating other types of open internet services on the architecture it has built.
“Open Social Network for Professional Profiles” suggests that on Dfinity model one can create “Open WhatsApp”, “Open eBay”, “Open Salesforce” or “Open Facebook”.
The tools include a Canister Software Developer Kit and a simple programming language called Motoko that is optimized for Dfinity’s Internet Computer.
“The Internet Computer is conceived as an alternative to the $3.8 trillion legacy IT stack, and empowers the next generation of developers to build a new breed of tamper-proof enterprise software systems and open internet services. We are democratizing software development,” Williams said. “The Bronze release of the Internet Computer provides developers and enterprises a glimpse into the infinite possibilities of building on the Internet Computer — which also reflects the strength of the Dfinity team we have built so far.”
Dfinity says its “Internet Computer Protocol” allows for a new type of software called autonomous software, which can guarantee permanent APIs that cannot be revoked. When all these open internet services (e.g. open versions of WhatsApp, Facebook, eBay, Salesforce, etc.) are combined with other open software and services it creates “mutual network effects” where everyone benefits.
On 1 November, DFINITY has released 13 new public versions of the SDK, to our second major milestone [at WEF Davos] of demoing a decentralized web app called LinkedUp on the Internet Computer. Subsequent milestones towards the public launch of the Internet Computer will involve:
  1. On boarding a global network of independent data centers.
  2. Fully tested economic system.
  3. Fully tested Network Nervous Systems for configuration and upgrades

2.7 WHAT IS MOTOKO?

Motoko is a new software language being developed by the DFINITY Foundation, with an accompanying SDK, that is designed to help the broadest possible audience of developers create reliable and maintainable websites, enterprise systems and internet services on the Internet Computer with ease. By developing the Motoko language, the DFINITY Foundation will ensure that a language that is highly optimized for the new environment is available. However, the Internet Computer can support any number of different software frameworks, and the DFINITY Foundation is also working on SDKs that support the Rust and C languages. Eventually, it is expected there will be many different SDKs that target the Internet Computer.
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[Guide] No hardware to mine? How to net 6,000+Ð/day using Windows Azure

Inspired by lleti 's free guide for using Amazon Web Services. However, from what I understand due to rental costs, it is more efficient to buy doge directly than use AWS. This guide is based on utilizing the $200 credit that comes with the Windows Azure cloud computing free trial, so you will not pay anything.
This is targeted at shibes with poor hardware that can only mine 50-200 doge per day, but it will work for everyone.
Disclaimer: Doge rate is an estimate based on current difficulties and market. Windows Azure trial may be US only (?)
Overview / How it works
You will not be mining doge directly with this method. Mining doge effeciently requires a GPU, which aren't found in traditional servers. Instead, we will be using the powerful CPUs provided with Windows Azure servers to mine a CPU based crypto-currency, such as QuarkCoin or SecureCoin, and convert those to doge.
Steps
1) Install your QRK or SRC wallet
Ideally if you are reading this, you have installed a dogecoin-qt wallet for yourself before. We will need to do the same for either QuarkCoin or SecureCoin. This is the wallet where will will send the coins you mine with your Windows Azure servers.
These are not the only CPU coin options, but QRK and SRC are very similar (same hash function) and simple to mine.
Once you have installed the wallet, it should look very similar to your DogeCoin wallet. If you have trouble downloading the blockchain ('out of sync'), look at these threads respectively to see which nodes you need to add to your config file. Config files are located at C:\Users\UserName\AppData\Roaming\CoinName.conf on Windows.
2) Set up a mining pool account
If you have joined a mining pool for DogeCoin, it will be a very similar experience for other alt coins. See the following bitcointalk threads which have a list of mining pools:
If you would like a pool recommendation, I can recommend src.coinmine.pl and qrk.coinmine.pl; this is from personal experience, I am not affiliated with them.
Once you are logged in you should also create 3 workers, as we will be setting up 3 servers, one for each server. So you should have 3 worker names, and a password set up for each worker.
3) Sign up for Windows Azure free trial
Link: www.windowsazure.com/en-us/pricing/free-trial/
You will have to provide a valid credit card and verify your account with a cell phone so they know you are a real person. This is a Microsoft product so they are reputable. Once you sign up, you will receive a $200 to use in 30 days. Remember to cancel when your credits are running out so they don't charge you.
4) Create Windows Server instances
I would recommend you watch this video which walks you through the UI of the Windows Azure management site to set up the virtual machines we need. Essentially we are going to do the following:
Thus we have a total of 20 CPU cores to mine QRK / SRC with. We want the the most CPU power we can get without excessively burning our $200 credit. That's why 2008 R2 is used, and only 3 instances of it.
5) Remotely connect to servers and download miner
This section is also covered in the video from section 4, watch it for a visual walkthrough.
Once the servers have been initialized on Microsoft's end, we should be able to access them under 'Virtual Machines' at www.manage.windowsazure.com. You should see each host name and a status, and when selected there should be an additional 'Connect' button - click it.
You should now be prompted to download a .rdp file. Download this for each of your 3 virtual machines to a folder you will remember. You will open this .rdp file and use the login credentials you previously specified to connect to each server.
Once you are remotely connected, you should see the desktop. Open up the first icon on the taskbar that looks like a server, this is your server manager. We need to open up the 'Configure IE ESC' setting that's visible on this pane. Make sure 'Off' is selected for both admins and users on the IE ESC configuration.
Now, open up the IE browser and navigate to https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9cvOfoOekSdVzZZcThLZHg4bjA/edit. Press Ctrl + S to download the entire zip to the desktop, and un-zip it.
6) Configure and start miner
Again, this is pretty much covered in the video from section 4, if you prefer watching.
You should now have a folder on your server's desktop named quark-v2_w64. This is the miner for both QRK and SRC. We are going to be using minerd64_sse4.exe. Create a shortcut to minerd64_sse4.exe within the same folder. We now need to add the parameters for your miner.
Right click on your minerd64_sse4.exe shortcut -> Properties. Look at the target field, it should look like this:
C:\Users\UserName\Desktop\quark-v2_w64\minerd64_sse4.exe
We are going append the following format to this target field
-a quark -t 8 -o stratum+tcp://src.coinmine.pl:6020 -u user.worker -p password
-a: algorithm, both SRC and QRK use 'quark'
-t: number of cores (so either 8 or 4 for our purposes)
-o: mining pool information (url and port).
-u: account you have for your mining pool, then a period, then a worker name
-p: password that you created for the worker in step 2
So here is an example of what the target field of your shortcut should look like when you are done:
C:\Users\Nexic\Desktop\quark-v2_w64\minerd64_sse4.exe -a quark -t 8 -o stratum+tcp://src.coinmine.pl:6020 -u Nexic.worker1 -p pass1
7) Profit!!
If you set up your miners correctly on each Windows Server VM (I prefer to assign a separate worker to each one), you should be able to run them and see an output like this: http://i.imgur.com/3lECqSz.png. You can close your remote sessions without interrupting it.
How do you get the doge, you ask? Well, using the above setup I have earned 10 SecureCoins in the past 2 days. These are worth 0.00094 bitcoins (BTC) on Cryptsy at present. A doge is worth 0.0000007 BTC at present, so if I go from SRC -> BTC -> DOGE, I can turn 5 SRC to 6,642 DOGE on Cryptsy. There are also other exchanges, I won't go into how to exchange coins on this post. Remember, this is every day for about a week, for free!
Also, you can CPU mine on your own personal computers as well, not just the servers.
TL;DR
Mine QuarkCoin / SecureCoin using Windows Azure free trial, use Cryptsy (or other exchange) to convert to DOGE. Much more efficient than CPU mining Doge.
submitted by Nexic to dogecoin [link] [comments]

Subreddit Stats: ethtrader top posts from 2016-12-11 to 2018-03-28 14:09 PDT

Period: 472.46 days
Submissions Comments
Total 995 184897
Rate (per day) 2.11 391.02
Unique Redditors 592 22569
Combined Score 787834 1865594

Top Submitters' Top Submissions

  1. 44976 points, 68 submissions: AutoModerator
    1. [ETH Daily Discussion] - 14/Jun/2017 (2926 points, 8485 comments)
    2. [ETH Daily Discussion] - 15/Jun/2017 (1960 points, 8597 comments)
    3. [ETH Daily Discussion] - 13/Jun/2017 (1764 points, 5212 comments)
    4. [ETH Daily Discussion] - 12/Jun/2017 (1358 points, 12903 comments)
    5. [ETH Daily Discussion] - 24/May/2017 (1345 points, 9454 comments)
    6. [ETH Daily Discussion] - 23/May/2017 (1241 points, 6398 comments)
    7. [ETH Daily Discussion] - 30/May/2017 (1141 points, 9056 comments)
    8. [ETH Daily Discussion] - 25/May/2017 (1019 points, 8164 comments)
    9. [ETH Daily Discussion] - 10/Jun/2017 (1001 points, 7984 comments)
    10. Daily Discussion [Serious] - 17/Jun/2017 (910 points, 2930 comments)
  2. 16379 points, 1 submission: Pracy_
    1. Everytime Bitcoin drops (16379 points, 358 comments)
  3. 11940 points, 4 submissions: Justjoshmygosh
    1. Welcome to ethtrader new people, let me save you some time (7350 points, 369 comments)
    2. This is NOT the end (2076 points, 197 comments)
    3. Welcome BACK to ethtrader (1969 points, 112 comments)
    4. Hello again, ethtrader... looks like I have some work to do (545 points, 10 comments)
  4. 11915 points, 2 submissions: _Mido
    1. Here you go (9778 points, 318 comments)
    2. How I felt this week (2137 points, 232 comments)
  5. 8919 points, 5 submissions: leafac1
    1. Would You Like to See Reddit Accept ETH as a Means to Pay for Gold? (3187 points, 196 comments)
    2. Most Popular Story on CNBC Tech: 'Bitcoin’s main rival Ethereum hits a fresh record high' (2476 points, 181 comments)
    3. Tweeted today: Casper (Proof of Stake) testnet is coming. (2106 points, 232 comments)
    4. Ethereum just processed 0.46% of Visa's total tx per day. And it did so without Ethereum Dapps using scaling solutions. (625 points, 78 comments)
    5. Perspective: It seems many are currently unaware that ETH will have a lower inflation rate than BTC (and BTC-Forks) come Proof of Stake & beyond. (525 points, 136 comments)
  6. 8899 points, 6 submissions: sopun
    1. Stocks VS Crypto (2259 points, 53 comments)
    2. Bitconnect, Davorcoin and other scams continue being advertised on Coinmarketcap. We should take a stand as a community and push out these people who made a career out of scamming innocents (2228 points, 149 comments)
    3. A shitcoin ICO called Prodeum just exitscammed millions of dollars from investors and left them only this message on their ICO website (1543 points, 200 comments)
    4. Trevon James erased 39 of his YouTube videos promoting BitConnect yesterday. Looks like he starts getting worried about the class action lawsuit against him (1364 points, 223 comments)
    5. Tron's TRX whitepaper raises more red flags than a workers parade in Soviet Union (1124 points, 235 comments)
    6. Charlie Lee retweet: "Wow! How absurd! Tron whitepaper is mostly stolen copy & paste!" (381 points, 109 comments)
  7. 8699 points, 7 submissions: econoar
    1. Ethereum is now processing more transactions a day than all other cryptos combined. (4027 points, 476 comments)
    2. Today, Ethereum has processed 50% more txs than BTC. Ethereum currently has 17 pending TX and BTC has 45k. It takes $0.006 to move Ether in less than 20 seconds. (1411 points, 282 comments)
    3. Visa, IBM, Microsoft and USAA have all posted jobs in the past week looking for Ethereum developers (865 points, 47 comments)
    4. Goldman-Backed Startup Circle Launches No-Fee Foreign Payments Service. Built on Ethereum. (852 points, 86 comments)
    5. Etheremon is completely centralized and the owners can withdrawal all the funds from the contract. (665 points, 387 comments)
    6. On average, it's 59x cheaper to send an Ethereum transaction than a Bitcoin transaction. (484 points, 31 comments)
    7. Ethereum dapps expected to launch very soon. (395 points, 131 comments)
  8. 7472 points, 12 submissions: DCinvestor
    1. Personal Finance Rules for Being an Effective Holder (1303 points, 238 comments)
    2. Will Proof of Stake turn ETH into the best Store of Value coin? (1074 points, 142 comments)
    3. What can the earlier days of Bitcoin teach us about holding Ethereum? (626 points, 152 comments)
    4. How to Survive Crypto Investing (in this market, or in any market) (614 points, 121 comments)
    5. The Most Important Crypto Theses for 2018 (and my current feelings on this market) (604 points, 323 comments)
    6. A Re-evaluation of Ethereum as Long Term Investment (versus new market entrants) (593 points, 136 comments)
    7. It's time for investors to pursue quality, and to stop chasing shit (505 points, 89 comments)
    8. Coinbase is trending #1 on the Apple App Store (504 points, 39 comments)
    9. Switching from BTC to ETH (445 points, 219 comments)
    10. Is Ethereum Dead? Ask the Developers, not the Traders (424 points, 120 comments)
  9. 7445 points, 6 submissions: ScienceGuy9489
    1. New price target $1,000 (2996 points, 504 comments)
    2. I heard you guys miss me, looks like we're only going up from here (2102 points, 652 comments)
    3. Technical Analysis, Liftoff Due June 16th (755 points, 1034 comments)
    4. I predicted the last two liftoffs, the next one is by May 24th. (727 points, 534 comments)
    5. I predicted the last 3 liftoffs, this is a situation update (504 points, 460 comments)
    6. I predicted the last 3 lifts offs, the next one is by May 29th (361 points, 470 comments)
  10. 7410 points, 11 submissions: BeerBellyFatAss
    1. Bitfinex now trades all pairs against ETH. It’s time for Binance and the rest of the exchanges to do so as well. (2257 points, 220 comments)
    2. Number of Users on Coinbase Surpasses Number of Brokerage Accounts at Charles Schwab (822 points, 63 comments)
    3. Omise signed an agreement on the development of a national ID utilizing the ETDA and block chains of Thailand government agencies! We will continue to work on a number of projects that utilize block chains! (789 points, 113 comments)
    4. Catalonia Considering Cryptocurrency Post-Independence, Advised By Ethereum Creator (507 points, 74 comments)
    5. Germany’s Largest Bitcoin Trading Platform Will Soon Add Etheruem (499 points, 46 comments)
    6. Olaf Carlson - On Bloomberg Technology (12/01) - Ethereum to Surpass Bitcoin Market Cap by YE 2018 - Great Interview! (483 points, 150 comments)
    7. Casper is Pretty Close, Sharding Number One Priority Says Vitalik Buterin (467 points, 79 comments)
    8. "Ethereum, which I think just touched $500 or is getting close, could be triple where it is as well" - Michael Novogratz (446 points, 106 comments)
    9. Ethereum was a safe haven from yesterday's cryptocurrency sell-off — and not for the first time (416 points, 45 comments)
    10. GOLDMAN: 'It's getting harder for institutional investors to ignore cryptocurrencies' (372 points, 35 comments)
  11. 7378 points, 5 submissions: EthTrader_Mod
    1. [ETH Daily Discussion] - 22/May/2017 (4029 points, 10547 comments)
    2. Daily Discussion [Serious] - 16/Jun/2017 (1359 points, 4550 comments)
    3. [ETH Daily Discussion] - 28/May/2017 (684 points, 3361 comments)
    4. [ETH Daily Discussion] - 04/Jun/2017 (654 points, 3894 comments)
    5. [ETH Daily Discussion] - 29/May/2017 (652 points, 4675 comments)
  12. 7075 points, 13 submissions: Mr_Yukon_C
    1. This is what leadership looks like -- I present to you, CFTC Chairman Giancarlo (831 points, 45 comments)
    2. Millennials are afraid stocks are too risky, so they're investing in crypto (787 points, 240 comments)
    3. OmiseGo Becomes the First Ethereum Unicorn With a Market Cap of $1 Billion (760 points, 157 comments)
    4. AMERICANS: Kill bill 1241 • ethereum (697 points, 66 comments)
    5. Microsoft – Decentralized Digital Identities and Blockchain – The Future as We See It. [Building on Ethereum] (643 points, 87 comments)
    6. Scaling Ethereum to hundreds to thousands of transactions per second - TODAY! (513 points, 47 comments)
    7. Brian Armstrong (Coinbase CEO): "Bitcoin still has a black mark against it if you look at what big banks or more traditional folks in law enforcement think. Ethereum has a blank slate, and that is a chance to reach a mainstream audience." (471 points, 121 comments)
    8. Joseph Lubin: 5.6bil requests a day for @infura_io, >280k downloads for @trufflesuite, and a jaw-dropping 1 million installs for @metamask_io (455 points, 83 comments)
    9. Alpha Casper FFG Testnet Instructions - HUGE! (420 points, 54 comments)
    10. The 0x team donated ~$12,000 to Etherscan and ~$22,000 to MyEtherWallet (399 points, 28 comments)
  13. 6809 points, 8 submissions: thepipebomb
    1. CNBC: Why buy Ethereum? (1519 points, 146 comments)
    2. CNBC - "I love Ethereum, I think Ethereum is the one to own here." (1240 points, 158 comments)
    3. CNBC: This is an incredible buying opportunity for Ethereum (989 points, 181 comments)
    4. Please boycott Vinny Lingham's Civic ICO (896 points, 200 comments)
    5. Pantera Capital Quantitative Researcher: By 2020 Ethereum's market cap will be 10x higher than Bitcoin's (745 points, 155 comments)
    6. When is $10,000 per ETH realistic? (504 points, 491 comments)
    7. Brian Kelly of CNBC on investing in Ethereum (496 points, 131 comments)
    8. Kevin O'Leary: NYC hotel wants to use a $400 million cryptocoin offering to sell ownership like a stock (420 points, 135 comments)
  14. 6621 points, 11 submissions: jtnichol
    1. Joseph Lubin on Twitter: "#Bitcoin = A single app. #Ethereum = An entire app store. Thanks for having me on @BloombergTV, always a pleasure. https://t.co/LXKX8cF8BR" (1209 points, 89 comments)
    2. Microsoft helps launch world’s first blockchain-based investment product: settled on the public Ethereum chain. (923 points, 84 comments)
    3. This room feels like Q4 2016 all over again (768 points, 264 comments)
    4. Massive heap of rhetoric. But it needs to be said. (544 points, 239 comments)
    5. Friday Donut Day. (535 points, 53 comments)
    6. We're rocketing up in subscribers. Wow! (+1,160 subscribers today; 164% trend score) • TrendingReddits (519 points, 58 comments)
    7. Vitalik Buterin on Twitter: Plasma implementations are already happening (490 points, 77 comments)
    8. Unlisted Video Message just for Ethtrader - Thanks for helping someone on Reddit yesterday struggling with life. (475 points, 80 comments)
    9. For all the drama lately I've made you some comfort food. I love you Ethtrader. Whale sized BLT's with a quart of Bloody Mary. (390 points, 87 comments)
    10. Vitalik Buterin on Twitter: "Scalability research and development subsidy programs: https://t.co/PwbkdUHbZS" (387 points, 40 comments)
  15. 6224 points, 7 submissions: Butta_TRiBot
    1. Vitalik Buterin: If all that we accomplish is lambo memes and immature puns about "sharting", then I WILL leave. (2170 points, 434 comments)
    2. Vitalik Buterin: In my opinion, the current sharding spec as described is already good enough to get us to thousands of transactions per second (1549 points, 191 comments)
    3. Inflation rate will go down by ~90% with Casper and Sharding (3 ETH block reward -> 0.22ETH) (694 points, 217 comments)
    4. "Casper Testnet up right now and Sharding will come sooner than you think" - Karl Floersch [41:02] (507 points, 45 comments)
    5. Vitalik on Wechat: We have started developing a test version of Ethereum with sharding using python (447 points, 79 comments)
    6. The reason I invested in Ethereum - motivated developers who even spend their free time explaining the tech (433 points, 79 comments)
    7. Congrats to @naterush1997 and @dannyryan for releasing v0.2 of the cbc Casper prototypes, last night! (424 points, 43 comments)
  16. 6206 points, 1 submission: PaulieVideos
    1. Dips are just happy little accidents (6206 points, 214 comments)
  17. 6106 points, 2 submissions: moneyfink
    1. It's one of the biggest moments of your life... what to wear? (5607 points, 487 comments)
    2. Reminder: HODL and don't be like this guy (499 points, 84 comments)
  18. 5355 points, 4 submissions: shouldbdan
    1. Every day I check the price when I wake up (3047 points, 105 comments)
    2. Me reading the daily during downtrends (810 points, 78 comments)
    3. A thank you, to everyone working countless hours to solve the scaling problem (758 points, 112 comments)
    4. HODLing Bitcoin vs HODLing Ether (740 points, 70 comments)
  19. 5075 points, 4 submissions: antiprosynthesis
    1. ETH price has just entered the bottom of a new channel. Next level of resistance well over $2,000. (2055 points, 493 comments)
    2. The Ethereum blockchain now processes about as much USD value as all other blockchains combined, including Bitcoin. (1296 points, 135 comments)
    3. ETH price in one year: between $700 and $14,000, averaging around $3,500. (1056 points, 543 comments)
    4. Legally Binding Smart Contracts? 9 Law Firms Join Enterprise Ethereum Alliance (668 points, 122 comments)
  20. 4617 points, 1 submission: shadow_op
    1. I'm a longterm hodler, but even i hate this sub sometimes. (4617 points, 292 comments)
  21. 4602 points, 6 submissions: brantlymillegan
    1. Seinfeld gives trading advice in a bear market (1142 points, 94 comments)
    2. Let's be honest, this is most of us here on /ethtrader... (1106 points, 63 comments)
    3. The Flippening is back on: 51.9% ETH/BTC mk ratio and climbing! (1024 points, 141 comments)
    4. The most popular trade on ShapeShift right now is BCH to ETH (519 points, 52 comments)
    5. Jerry & George give /ethtrader advice to traditional traders (434 points, 58 comments)
    6. The most popular trade on ShapeShift right now is BTC -> ETH (377 points, 43 comments)
  22. 4558 points, 5 submissions: CallMeGWei
    1. Ethereum's µRaiden - Bitcoin is Falling Behind (1206 points, 191 comments)
    2. Crypto: The Wrong Bubble? (1162 points, 484 comments)
    3. ICOs: Avoid The Lemons (849 points, 69 comments)
    4. Vitalik Buterin: To be clear, the operative word here is "all". No, I won't stop or slow working on crypto just because price memes and stupid jokes exist... (751 points, 88 comments)
    5. CryptoKitties slows Ethereum down... temporarily... (590 points, 75 comments)
  23. 4395 points, 5 submissions: jonesyjonesy
    1. Upvote if you think ethtrader should create a community rating service for ICOs (1931 points, 173 comments)
    2. Only a matter of time before people wake up and realize the gravity of Circle acquisition. Leaked photo reveals Poloniex is now 1) ATS certified and 2) the first ever US regulated crypto exchange. Amazing milestone for crypto's quest towards regulatory acceptance (819 points, 164 comments)
    3. Hey guess what? Gox caused the 2018 crash. Here's how. (693 points, 240 comments)
    4. EthTrader's reaction when they see ScienceGuy is back posting liftoff predictions (529 points, 48 comments)
    5. To anyone who is doubting EOS is offloading their ETH for fiat (423 points, 297 comments)
  24. 4321 points, 3 submissions: c0mm0ns3ns3
    1. UPVOTE if you're sick of KRAKEN's performance! (3011 points, 369 comments)
    2. How about we get Vitalik NOT on Joe Rogan etc. and leave him alone (762 points, 74 comments)
    3. Dear Exchanges, it's time to unpair everything from Bitcoin! (548 points, 138 comments)
  25. 4102 points, 1 submission: DAXEEY
    1. Literally.. (4102 points, 164 comments)
  26. 4027 points, 1 submission: saintmax
    1. Ethereum is UP since last month! Can we get this post to all to show everyone the tides are turning quickly (4027 points, 194 comments)
  27. 3903 points, 3 submissions: PhiStr90
    1. Enterprise Ethereum Alliance Becomes World’s Largest Open-source Blockchain Initiative (2690 points, 312 comments)
    2. Hewlett Packard Enterprise and 47 Organizations Join 200-Member Strong Enterprise Ethereum Alliance (846 points, 113 comments)
    3. Ethereum is now for the first time the blockchain with highest mining incentive or simply put 'the most secured' (367 points, 52 comments)
  28. 3811 points, 3 submissions: onenessup
    1. "If you are new to #blockchain (s) and you wonder which of the top 100 from coinmarketcap will win - you should realize that 43 of those 'coins' are ON the Ethereum blockchain." (2557 points, 167 comments)
    2. Casper (Proof of Stake) Code was Published Today by Vlad Zamfir (899 points, 249 comments)
    3. Germany's Largest Crypto Exchange To Begin ETH/EUR Trading (355 points, 36 comments)
  29. 3772 points, 3 submissions: Jimmyl101
    1. TWICE IN THE SAME DAY??? (2179 points, 151 comments)
    2. HE'S BACK (1102 points, 71 comments)
    3. Please consider posting more memes. (491 points, 68 comments)
  30. 3743 points, 3 submissions: Hiphopsince1988
    1. Ethereum & the Hodlors that love them (2420 points, 282 comments)
    2. Metcalfs Law has 97% Correlation to ETHUSD Since 2015. Puts ETH value at $8,000 (960 points, 213 comments)
    3. Tweet: Bank of America Demo using its Ethereum app at Microsoft (363 points, 48 comments)
  31. 3677 points, 6 submissions: barthib
    1. Updated fact list: why Ethereum will be the most successful blockchain network (1028 points, 229 comments)
    2. The Ethereum Foundation just released an impressive list of 2017 achievements and work to flourish in 2018 (802 points, 30 comments)
    3. Overstock lets customers pay with more than 40 cryptocurrencies, including ETH (672 points, 111 comments)
    4. At the end of the year, the first official European investment fund in cryptocurrencies launches (ETH, BTC, LTC, ...) (423 points, 49 comments)
    5. Today is important in the History of cryptocurrencies. Miners earn now more money by securing Ethereum than Bitcoin. (378 points, 42 comments)
    6. Chairman of Fair Trade Commission of South Korea: Whether cryptocurrency investment is excessive speculation or not, the risk is on the investor, and thus the government should not outright ban economic activity because it is risky. That's for the individual investors to decide. (374 points, 20 comments)
  32. 3600 points, 1 submission: GHOSThit
    1. It happened! $1234.56! (3600 points, 147 comments)

Top Commenters

  1. csasker (9957 points, 970 comments)
  2. OperationNine (9563 points, 506 comments)
  3. cyoreligion (9218 points, 516 comments)
  4. thepipebomb (9182 points, 494 comments)
  5. jtnichol (8874 points, 741 comments)
  6. econoar (8732 points, 669 comments)
  7. Nooku (8475 points, 442 comments)
  8. DCinvestor (8394 points, 425 comments)
  9. cutsnek (7614 points, 521 comments)
  10. antiprosynthesis (7103 points, 843 comments)
  11. Mr_Yukon_C (5748 points, 473 comments)
  12. dillllllzzzzz (5707 points, 426 comments)
  13. oldskool47 (5688 points, 414 comments)
  14. IRefuseToGiveAName (5461 points, 427 comments)
  15. loveYouEth (5369 points, 288 comments)
  16. subdep (5231 points, 326 comments)
  17. laughncow (5071 points, 372 comments)
  18. ruvalm (4955 points, 290 comments)
  19. ethacct (4937 points, 340 comments)
  20. skYY7 (4929 points, 297 comments)
  21. Libertymark (4810 points, 954 comments)
  22. shouldbdan (4809 points, 291 comments)
  23. blog_ofsite (4609 points, 408 comments)
  24. OM3N1R (4549 points, 314 comments)
  25. Enigma735 (4504 points, 478 comments)
  26. pinastri (4457 points, 305 comments)
  27. myownman (4334 points, 402 comments)
  28. WeLiveInaBubble (4201 points, 342 comments)
  29. aItalianStallion (4162 points, 307 comments)
  30. jezzaccc (4116 points, 310 comments)
  31. ninethirtyone (4075 points, 346 comments)
  32. leafac1 (3826 points, 206 comments)

Top Submissions

  1. Everytime Bitcoin drops by Pracy_ (16379 points, 358 comments)
  2. Here you go by _Mido (9778 points, 318 comments)
  3. Welcome to ethtrader new people, let me save you some time by Justjoshmygosh (7350 points, 369 comments)
  4. Dips are just happy little accidents by PaulieVideos (6206 points, 214 comments)
  5. It's one of the biggest moments of your life... what to wear? by moneyfink (5607 points, 487 comments)
  6. I'm a longterm hodler, but even i hate this sub sometimes. by shadow_op (4617 points, 292 comments)
  7. Literally.. by DAXEEY (4102 points, 164 comments)
  8. [ETH Daily Discussion] - 22/May/2017 by EthTrader_Mod (4029 points, 10547 comments)
  9. Ethereum is now processing more transactions a day than all other cryptos combined. by econoar (4027 points, 476 comments)
  10. Ethereum is UP since last month! Can we get this post to all to show everyone the tides are turning quickly by saintmax (4027 points, 194 comments)

Top Comments

  1. 1709 points: Blactory's comment in Everytime Bitcoin drops
  2. 1351 points: deleted's comment in It's one of the biggest moments of your life... what to wear?
  3. 1298 points: dwy0818's comment in Been in a coma for 23 days, about to check my portfolio
  4. 1170 points: Butterfly_Lags's comment in New price target $1,000
  5. 1110 points: mikewirkijowski's comment in Here you go
  6. 1053 points: phigo50's comment in My wife just talked me out of selling $10,000 eth
  7. 953 points: PcChip's comment in Vitalik Buterin: If all that we accomplish is lambo memes and immature puns about "sharting", then I WILL leave.
  8. 869 points: deleted's comment in Ethereum is UP since last month! Can we get this post to all to show everyone the tides are turning quickly
  9. 832 points: BroKing's comment in It's one of the biggest moments of your life... what to wear?
  10. 829 points: khalo_'s comment in Welcome to ethtrader new people, let me save you some time
Generated with BBoe's Subreddit Stats (Donate)
submitted by subreddit_stats to subreddit_stats [link] [comments]

[Microsoft] Infrastructure + Security: Noteworthy News (March, 2018)

Goooooooddddd Morningggggggggg Sysadminnnnnnnnn.
Today's set of links I suppose will take you inside the crazy world of Microsoft posts and articles around different stuff that may potentially be helpful to you.
Talking about Azure, Windows Server, Windows Client, Security and more.
As always, if you have anything you'd like to see us cover, please let me know in the comments or via DM.
Article Link: https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/askpfeplat/2018/03/28/infrastructure-security-noteworthy-news-march-2018/

Infrastructure + Security: Noteworthy News (March, 2018)

Hi there! Stanislav Belov is back to bring you the next issue of the Infrastructure + Security: Noteworthy News series!
As a reminder, the Noteworthy News series covers various areas, to include interesting news, announcements, links, tips and tricks from Windows, Azure, and Security worlds on a monthly basis. Enjoy!

Microsoft Azure

Just-In-Time VM Access is generally available
Azure Security Center provides several threat prevention mechanisms to help you reduce surface areas susceptible to attack. One of those mechanisms is Just-in-Time (JIT) VM Access. We are excited to announce the general availability of Just-in-Time VM Access, which reduces your exposure to network volumetric attacks by enabling you to deny persistent access while providing controlled access to VMs when needed.
What's new in IaaS?
With the pace of innovation in the Cloud, it’s hard to keep up with what’s new across the entire Microsoft Azure platform. Let’s pause and take a moment to see what’s new—and coming soon—specifically with Azure Infrastructure as a Server (IaaS)
Announcing Storage Service Encryption with customer managed keys general availablility
Storage Service Encryption with customer managed keys uses Azure Key Vault that provides highly available and scalable secure storage for RSA cryptographic keys backed by FIPS 140-2 Level 2 validated Hardware Security Modules (HSMs). Key Vault streamlines the key management process and enables customers to maintain full control of keys used to encrypt data, manage, and audit their key usage.
Azure's layered approach to physical security
Over the next few months, as part of the secure foundation blog series, we’ll discuss the components of physical, infrastructure (logical) and operational security that help make up Azure’s platform. Today, we are focusing on physical security.
Azure continues here.

Windows Server

Introducing SQL Information Protection for Azure SQL Database and on-premises SQL Server!
We are delighted to announce the public preview of SQL Information Protection, introducing advanced capabilities built into Azure SQL Database for discovering, classifying, labeling, and protecting the sensitive data in your databases. Similar capabilities are also being introduced for on-premises SQL Server via SQL Server Management Studio.
PKI Basics: How to Manage the Certificate Store
In this blog post we cover some PKI basics, techniques to effectively manage certificate stores, and also provide a script we developed to deal with common certificate store issue we have encountered in several enterprise environments (certificate truncation due to too many installed certificate authorities).

Windows Client

Windows 10 in S Mode coming soon to all editions of Windows 10
Last year we introduced Windows 10 S – an effort to provide a Windows experience that delivers predictable performance and quality through Microsoft-verified apps via the Microsoft Store. This configuration was offered initially as part of the Surface Laptop and has been adopted by our customers and partners for its performance and reliability.
Announcing Windows 10 Insider Preview Build 17120
On March 14th we released Windows 10 Insider Preview Build 17120 (RS4) to Windows Insiders in the Fast ring.

Security

Securing privileged access for hybrid and cloud deployments in Azure AD
We recently published new documentation that provides details on securing privileged access for hybrid and cloud deployments in Azure AD. This document outlines recommended account configurations and practices for ensuring privileged accounts, like global admins, are operated securely. It starts with essential recommendations to be applied immediately and goes on to establish a proactive admin model in the following weeks and months.
Invisible resource thieves: The increasing threat of cryptocurrency miners](https://cloudblogs.microsoft.com/microsoftsecure/2018/03/13/invisible-resource-thieves-the-increasing-threat-of-cryptocurrency-miners/)
The surge in Bitcoin prices has driven widescale interest in cryptocurrencies. While the future of digital currencies is uncertain, they are shaking up the cybersecurity landscape as they continue to influence the intent and nature of attacks
What is Azure Advanced Threat Protection?
Azure Advanced Threat Protection (ATP) is a cloud service that helps protect your enterprise hybrid environments from multiple types of advanced targeted cyber attacks and insider threats. Azure ATP leverages a proprietary network parsing engine to capture and parse network traffic of multiple protocols (such as Kerberos, DNS, RPC, NTLM, and others) for authentication, authorization, and information gathering.
Continue Security and catch the rest of the links here
Until next week! Hope some of these links are helpful, and I'll do my best to respond to any comments below.
gebray1s
submitted by pfeplatforms_msft to sysadmin [link] [comments]

New cloud threats as attackers embrace the power of cloud

When Apple Inc. launched its iCloud service in 2011, cloud threats didn’t include the Chinese government. Apple changed its policy in February of this year and conceded to Chinese authorities’ demands to store mainland residents’ encryption keys in data centers in the People’s Republic of China. Housed on local servers, run by state-backed Guizhou-Cloud Big Data Industry Co. Ltd, experts fear the Chinese government could gain access to users’ private data. Apple may be one of the wealthiest company’s in the world, but even it cannot guarantee data security in the cloud.
Consistent security for all data from third-party partners and cloud providers is what many consider the next evolution of cloud. Even when the risks associated with cloud threats are high, the cost benefits — in Apple’s case, access to a market with the world’s largest purchasing power — outweigh the risks. This matters more and more as use of cloud services grows.
Enterprise spending for public cloud services worldwide is expected to reach $160 billion in 2018, according to International Data Corporation, up 23.2% from 2017. In the U.S., discrete manufacturing, professional services and banking industries are forecast to spend the most this year on public cloud services.
Software as a service continues to have the highest growth as Microsoft, Oracle and SAP migrate their on-premises enterprise customers to subscription services in the cloud. Spending on infrastructure as a service — AWS, Microsoft Azure and others — is next, followed by platform as a service (PaaS) offered by Amazon, Microsoft, Salesforce, Google App Engine, Heroku Enterprise and more. Companies are using PaaS — operating systems and hardware — for rapid development, testing, deployment and increasingly, data management.
More power in the cloud Most platforms take advantage of public cloud security features, but large-scale clouds don’t always mean large-scale threat protection. What cloud threats should you watch out for in 2018?
Malicious cryptomining is one of the leading types of attacks since September 2017, according to Malwarebytes Labs. With the volatility in the Bitcoin market — described as the next gold rush — it’s no surprise that hackers who need massive processing power to verify and confirm transactions to blockchain have found their way to cloud servers in an attempt to earn more digital currency.
Drive-by mining In February, hackers accessed an Amazon public cloud account, owned by electric carmaker Tesla, using credentials obtained through an unsecured administrative console in Kubernetes open source orchestration software. The Tesla breach had similarities to cryptocurrency mining malware detected in the Amazon and Microsoft public clouds of SIM card manufacturer Gemalto, and multinational insurance provider Aviva, according to RedLock, the cybersecurity startup that disclosed the attacks. But the Tesla hackers used different techniques to cover their tracks. Instead of using a public mining pool — groups of cooperative miners, largely based in China — they installed “mining pool” software, hid the IP address of the server behind Cloudflare and configured the software to a nonstandard port, according to security researchers. The attackers also accessed sensitive telemetry data and other nonpublic information Tesla stored in an Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) bucket. Tesla addressed the security problems when RedLock notified the car company.
There’s a lot of money to be made in cryptocurrency, and it is so much easier to attack IoTs with Linux malware. Mounir Hahadhead of threat research, Juniper Networks
A Los Angeles Times website called The Homicide Report maps murders and homicides — 633 people were killed in the last 12 months — in LA County. In February, attackers discovered an unsecured AWS S3 bucket. They embedded the popular cryptojacking malware Coinhive into the website for drive-by mining of visitors’ browsers and PCs. Security researcher Troy Mursch discovered the embedded JavaScript, used specifically to mine Monero, an open-source cryptocurrency released in April 2014. Author of the Bad Packets Report blog, Mursch’s internet research tracks cryptojacking and internet of things (IoT) botnets.
Linux malware that attacks embedded systems to build botnets — similar to Rakos — is going to become more prevalent. “The reason we haven’t seen it in the past is because, by trade, the people who are writing malware and doing these intrusions are heavily Windows-based,” said Mounir Hahad, head of threat research at Juniper Networks Inc. in Sunnyvale, Calif. “But as it turns out, it seems like there’s a lot of money to be made in cryptocurrency, and it is so much easier to attack IoTs with Linux malware.” In December, Juniper Threat Labs discovered Linux malware on a popular home brand of DSL routers used to build an IoT botnet for cryptocurrency mining. Juniper notified the manufacturer. Hahad expects to see more IoT botnets used for Bitcoin mining because many IoT embedded systems are Linux-based.
Signing up botnets Data shows a rise in the number of attackers that consume public cloud services to host command-and-control servers for IoT botnets and ransomware. In January, the Spamhaus Project, a nonprofit based in Geneva, released its 2017 Botnet Threat Report. Researchers at Spamhaus Malware Labs identified more than 9,500 botnet command-and-control servers on 1,122 different networks. Botnet controllers, according to Spamhaus’ block listings, increased 32% in 2017, and that data does not include controllers hosted on the dark web, where servers can’t be identified. “What stands out in 2017 is the dramatic increase of botnet controllers hosted at cloud providers,” the researchers stated. Large botnet operators are cloud threats, deploying botnet controllers in public clouds such as Amazon Web Services and Google Cloud Platform (Compute Engine) using fraudulent signups. “While some of the cloud providers managed to deal with the increase of fraudulent signups, others are obviously still struggling with the problem,” researchers said.
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